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A helicopter-borne eight-channel ranging scatterometer for remote sensing. I. System description

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7 Author(s)
Hallikainen, M. ; Helsinki Univ. of Technol., Espoo, Finland ; Hyyppa, J. ; Haapenen, J. ; Tares, T.
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For pt.II see ibid., vol.31, no.1, p.170-9 (1993). HUTSCAT, a helicopter-borne dual-frequency FM-CW scatterometer, is described. The HUTSCAT measures the backscattering properties of a target with a range resolution of 65 cm. The real-time ranging capability is obtained by performing the fast Fourier transform (FFT) to the received time-domain signal. The measurement is made simultaneously at eight channels (VV, HH, HV, and VH modes of polarization at 5.4 GHz and 9.8 GHz). The scatterometer measures the radar return spectrum for eight channels in 16.6 ms, which corresponds to an along-track distance of 0.33 m for the helicopter speed of 20 m/s. The radar system has been designed for remote sensing of forests, sea ice, and snow

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 1 )