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Specifying and verifying requirements of real-time systems

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3 Author(s)
A. P. Ravn ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Tech. Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark ; H. Rischel ; K. M. Hansen

An approach to specification of requirements and verification of design for real-time systems is presented. A system is defined by a conventional mathematical model for a dynamic system where application specific states denote functions of real time. Specifications are formulas in duration calculus, a real-time interval logic, where predicates define durations of states. Requirements define safety and functionality constraints on the system or a component. A top-level design is given by a control law: a predicate that defines an automation controlling the transition between phases of operation. Each phase maintains certain relations among the system states; this is analogous to the control functions known from conventional control theory. The top-level design is decomposed into an architecture for a distributed system with specifications for sensor, actuator, and program components. Programs control the distributed computation through synchronous events. Sensors and actuators relate events with system states. Verification is a deduction showing that a design implies requirements

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 1 )