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3-D motion estimation of human head for model-based image coding

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2 Author(s)
Fukuhara, T. ; Commun. Syst. Lab., Kanagawa, Japan ; Murakami, T.

Model-based image coding applied to interpersonal communication achieves very low bit-rate image transmission. To accomplish it, accurate three-dimensional (3-D) motion estimation of a speaker is necessary. A new method of 3-D motion estimation is presented, consisting of two steps. In the first, facial contours and feature points of a speaker are extracted using filtering and snake algorithms. Five feature points on a speaker's facial image are tracked between consecutive picture frames, which gives 2-D motion vectors of the feature points. Then, in the second step, the 3-D motion of a speaker's head is estimated using a three-layered neural network model, after training with many possible motion patterns of the human head using an existing 3-D general shape model. Experimental results show that the method not only achieves good results but is also more robust than existing methods.<>

Published in:

Communications, Speech and Vision, IEE Proceedings I  (Volume:140 ,  Issue: 1 )