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A unified approach to the design of linear constraints in minimum variance adaptive beamformers

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2 Author(s)
Ching-Yih Tseng ; Dept. of Electr. Eng.-Syst., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA ; Griffiths, Lloyd J.

A simple, systematic procedure for designing linear constraints in minimum-variance beamformers which allows an arbitrary specification of the quiescent response (the beamformer response when only white noise is present) is described. In this approach, the first constraint is dedicated to the imposition of a desired quiescent response, and additional constraints are included to assure proper reception of the desired signal. These additional constraints make the overall beamformer response equal to the quiescent response in the desired signal region so that the signal is not cancelled when it is present. Optionally, the response can be fixed in other regions of interest by adding more constraints. This design procedure demonstrates that the key to designing efficient constraints is finding the weighting coefficients which specify the desired quiescent response, a problem identical to the synthesis of desired beam patterns for nonadaptive arrays. The effectiveness of the procedure is illustrated by examples in both narrowband and broadband arrays

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 12 )