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Performance of DMI and eigenspace-based beamformers

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2 Author(s)
Chang, L. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Taiwan Univ., Taipei, Taiwan ; Yeh, C.-C.

The performance of the direct matrix inversion (DMI) method for antenna arrays of arbitrary geometry is analyzed by asymptotic statistical techniques. The effects of eigenspace disturbance caused by finite samples on the output interference and noise powers are examined under the unit gain constraint in the direction of the desired signal. The results show that the performance of the DMI method is degraded mostly by the disturbed noise subspace. That suggests the use of an eigenspace-based beamformer in which the weight vector is computed by using the signal-plus-interference subspace component of the sample correlation matrix. Convergence properties of the eigenspace-based beamformer are evaluated for the cases in which the source number is known and in which it is overestimated. Theoretical analyses validated by computer simulations indicate that the eigenspace-based beamformer has faster convergence rate than the DMI method

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 11 )