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Impact of random pointing and tracking errors on the design of coherent and incoherent optical intersatellite communication links

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2 Author(s)
Chien-Chung Chen ; Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA ; Gardner, C.S.

Given the RMS transmitter pointing error and the desired probability of bit error (PBE), it can be shown that an optimal transmitter antenna gain exists which minimizes the required transmitter power. Given the RMS local oscillator tracking error, an optimum receiver antenna gain can be found which optimizes the receiver performance. The impact of pointing and tracking errors on the design of direct-detection pulse-position modulation (PPM) and heterodyne noncoherent frequency-shift keying (NCFSK) systems is then analyzed in terms of constraints on the antenna size and the power penalty incurred. It is shown that in the limit of large spatial tracking errors, the advantage in receiver sensitivity for the heterodyne system is quickly offset by the smaller antenna gain and the higher power penalty due to tracking errors. In contrast, for systems with small spatial tracking errors, the heterodyne system is superior because of the higher receiver sensitivity

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Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:37 ,  Issue: 3 )