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Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating

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2 Author(s)
Kane, D.J. ; Southwest Sciences Inc., Sante Fe, NM, USA ; Trebino, R.

The frequency-resolved optical gating (FROG) technique for characterizing and displaying arbitrary femtosecond pulses is presented. The method is simple, general, broadband, and does not require a reference pulse. Using virtually any instantaneous nonlinear-optical effect, FROG involves measuring the spectrum of the signal pulse as a function of the delay between two input pulses. The resulting trace of intensity versus frequency and delay is related to the pulse's spectrogram a visually intuitive transform containing time and frequency information. It is proven using phase retrieval concepts that the FROG trace yields the full intensity I(t) and phase φ( t) of an arbitrary ultrashort pulse with no physically significant ambiguities. FROG appears to have temporal resolution limited only by the response of the nonlinear medium. The method is demonstrated by using self-diffraction through the electronic Kerr effect in BK-7 glass and 620-nm, linearly chirped, ~200-fs pulses of a few microjoules

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Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:29 ,  Issue: 2 )