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Spontaneous emission model of surface-emitting DFB semiconductor lasers

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1 Author(s)
Makino, T. ; Bell-Northern Research Ltd., Ottawa, Ont., Canada

A general spontaneous emission model is developed for surface-emitting (SE) distributed feedback (DFB) semiconductor lasers. The frequency distribution of spontaneous emission noise below lasing threshold and the spontaneous emission rate in lasing operation are formulated by using a transfer matrix method combined with the Green's function method. The effective linewidth enhancement factor is obtained from this model in terms of the elements of the transfer matrix. By way of example, the author applies the formulation to a standard SE DFB laser, and a SE λ/4-shifted DFB laser with a distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) mirror. In particular, the author analyzes the below-threshold spectrum, the threshold current density, the differential quantum efficiency, and the spectral linewidth of these lasers

Published in:

Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:29 ,  Issue: 1 )