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The AC and DC performance of polymeric insulating materials under accelerated aging in a fog chamber

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3 Author(s)
Gorus, R.S. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Windsor Univ., Ont., Canada ; Cherney, E.A. ; Hackam, R.

The materials evaluated in fog produced from low (250 μs/cm) and high (1000 μs/cm) conductivity water include cylindrical rod samples of high-temperature-vulcanized silicone rubber and ethylene-propylene-diene monomer rubber (EPDM) containing various amounts of either alumina trihydrate or silica fillers, or both. Comparison is made with material performance results obtained with AC, which was reported in an earlier study. In both low- and high-conductivity fog, the time to failure with AC and +DC was very similar, but a reduction by a factor of about four was observed in the time to failure with -DC. For both AC and DC, silicone rubber performed better than EPDM samples in low-conductivity fog, while the order of performance was reversed in high-conductivity fog. A theoretical model to determine the effect of dry band discharges on material is presented. Good agreement between the predicted behavior and the experimental findings is shown

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Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 4 )