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Dependability measurement and modeling of a multicomputer system

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2 Author(s)
Dong Tang ; Coordinated Sci. Lab., Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL, USA ; Iyer, R.K.

A measurement-based analysis of error data collected from a DEC VAXcluster multicomputer system is presented. Basic system dependability characteristics such as error/failure distributions and hazard rate are obtained for both the individual machine and the entire VAXcluster. Markov reward models are developed to analyze error/failure behavior and to evaluate performance loss due to errors/failures. Correlation analysis is then performed to quantify relationships of error/failures across machines and across time. It is found that shared resources constitute a major reliability bottleneck. It is shown that for measured system, the homogeneous Markov model, which assumes constant failure rates, overestimates the transient reward rate for the short-term operation, and underestimates it for the long-term operation. Correlation analysis shows that errors are highly correlated across machines and across time. The failure correlation coefficient is low. However, its effect on system unavailability is significant

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Computers, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 1 )