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Power spectrum equalization for ultrasonic image restoration

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3 Author(s)
Iraca, D. ; Inst. of Electron & Telecommun., Pisa Univ., Italy ; Landini, L. ; Verrazzani, L.

A method of image restoration for ultrasonic B-scan images has been proposed that need no a priori knowledge on the PSF (point spread function) of the imaging system and is feasible for in vivo applications. The entire system's response, including the interposed medium and possible transducer defects, is estimated from the degraded image itself with a few simple operations. The ultrasonic image is restored based only on a knowledge of the estimated PSF and on the spectral characteristics of the resultant echo signal. The proposed method does not modify the phase relations between echoes from multiple scatterers since the restoration filter is phaseless and the display operation does not involve nonlinear detection. The effectiveness of the restoration filter was tested on simulated ultrasonic images in the absence and in the presence of interposed tissue. Then the filter was tested on a phantom made of scatterers randomly distributed in nonattenuating gel with and without an interposed medium whose attenuation linearly increases with frequency. A good correspondence between simulations and experimental results was found: both tests show an exceptional improvement of image resolution.<>

Published in:

Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:36 ,  Issue: 2 )