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Extraction of ocean wave parameters from HF backscatter received by a four-element array: analysis and application

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2 Author(s)
Gill, E.W. ; C-CORE, Memorial Univ. of Newfoundland, St. John''s, Nfld., Canada ; Walsh, J.

An algorithm that would extend the capabilities of a four-element square array known as the Coastal Oceans Dynamics Applications Radar (CODAR) to include the yielding of directional wave-height spectra from backscattered radiation is addressed. General expressions for the first- and second-order broadbeam radar cross-sections of the ocean surface are applied to the array. A Fourier-basis-function approach allows the broadbeam cross-sections to be written as a system of integral equations. The second-order radar return involves a double integral whose integrand contains nonlinear combinations of the unknowns, namely, the Fourier coefficients of the ocean wave directional spectrum. The first-order portion of the radar spectrum is used to linearize this integral. The matrix system then formulated is solved using a singular value decomposition (SVD) approach, and the resulting ocean spectral coefficients are used to give the directional spectrum. Test results for the algorithm are reported and discussed

Published in:

Oceanic Engineering, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 4 )