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SAR ocean image representation using wavelets

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2 Author(s)
J. G. Teti ; Naval Air Warfare Center, Warminister, PA, USA ; H. N. Kritikos

The utility of wavelet analysis as a tool for geophysical research is examined using both continuous and discrete versions of the wavelet transform. In both cases, waveform decomposition and reconstruction is possible using somewhat different computational procedures. The theoretical background of each procedure is briefly described and applied using a specific `wavelet'. The wavelet used is based on a Gaussian function, and provides simultaneous time-frequency (or space-wavenumber) localization that meets the lower limit of the uncertainty principle. A representation of this type is ideally suited for the analysis of waveforms that arise from nonstationary processes. The properties of wavelet analysis are examined by expanding an FM-chirp waveform and azimuth cuts taken from two different SAR ocean images. The performance and ease of implementation are compared for the continuous and discrete formulations, and the effects of filtering in wavelet phase space using the discrete case are also examined

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:30 ,  Issue: 5 )