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Removal of harmonic artifacts from synchrotron radiation coronary angiograms

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2 Author(s)
Zeman, H.D. ; Dept. of Biomed. Eng., Tennessee Univ., Memphis, TN, USA ; Moulin, H.R.

Intravenous coronary angiograms of human subjects are now available from the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). The high (4.4-T) magnetic field used under normal operation of the superconducting wiggler magnet on the X-17 beam line yields a high critical energy (18.7 keV) and a large harmonic contamination of the desired X-ray flux at the L-edge of iodine (33.169 keV). The 66- and 99-keV contamination is a factor of 2.29 and 5.32 worse than for the human angiograms taken at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (SSRL), where a critical energy of 13.0 keV was obtained at beam line IV-2. The increased harmonic contamination produces severe artifacts in the images, especially where the patient's ribs cross the left ventricle and aorta, which are filled with contrast agent. An algorithm has been developed which can remove these artifacts by solving the two simultaneous transcendental equations for the fractional X-ray transmissions through iodine and through water. The parameters are derived from measurements on a Lucite step-wedge phantom. Human angiograms taken at 4.4 T are shown before and after the correction algorithm is applied. These corrected angiograms are compared to uncorrected angiograms taken at 3.0 T

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 5 )