By Topic

Volcanic Ash Cloud Retrieval by Ground-Based Microwave Weather Radar

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
Marzano, F.S. ; Dept. of Electron. Eng, La Sapienza Univ., Rome ; Barbieri, S. ; Vulpiani, G. ; Rose, W.I.

The potential of ground-based microwave weather radar systems for volcanic ash cloud detection and quantitative retrieval is evaluated. The relationship between radar reflectivity factor, ash concentration, and fall rate is statistically derived for various eruption regimes and ash sizes by applying a radar-reflectivity microphysical model. To quantitatively evaluate the ash detectability by weather radars, a sensitivity analysis is carried out by simulating synthetic ash clouds and varying ash concentration and size as a function of the range. Radar specifications are taken from typical radar systems at S-, C-, and X-band. A prototype algorithm for volcanic ash radar retrieval (VARR) is discussed. Starting from measured single-polarization reflectivity, the statistical inversion technique to retrieve ash concentration and fall rate is based on two cascade steps, namely: 1) classification of eruption regime and volcanic ash category and 2) estimation of ash concentration and fall rate. Expected accuracy of the VARR algorithm estimates is evaluated using a synthetic data set. An application of the VARR technique is finally shown, taking into consideration the eruption of the Grinodotacutemsvoumltn volcano in Iceland on November 2004. Volume scan data from a Doppler C-band radar, which is located at 260 km from the volcano vent, are processed by means of the VARR algorithm. Examples of the achievable VARR products are presented and discussed

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 11 )