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Physically Based Estimation of Bare-Surface Soil Moisture With the Passive Radiometers

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7 Author(s)
J. Shi ; Center of Remote Sensing & Geogr. Inf. Syst., California Univ., Santa Barbara, CA ; L. Jiang ; L. Zhang ; K. S. Chen
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A physically based bare-surface soil moisture inversion technique for application with passive microwave satellite measurements, including the Advanced Microwave-Scanning Radiometer-Earth Observing System, Special Sensor Microwave/Imager, Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer, and Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission Microwave Imager, was developed in this paper. The inversion technique is based on the concept of a simple parameterized surface emission model, the Qp model, which was developed using advanced integral equation model simulations of microwave emission. Through evaluation of the relationship between roughness parameters Qp at different polarizations, it was found that they could be described by a linear function. Using this relationship and the surface emissivities measured from two polarizations, the effect of the surface roughness is cancelled out. In other words, this approach consisted in adding different weights on the v and h polarization measurements so as to minimize the surface roughness effects. This method leads to a dual-polarization inversion technique for the estimation of the surface dielectric properties directly from the emissivity measurements. For validation, we compared the soil moisture estimates, derived from ground radiometer measurements at C- to Ka-band obtained from the Institute National de Recherches Agronomiques' field experimental data in 1993 and the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center's field experimental data at C- and X-band obtained in 1979-1982, with the field in situ soil moisture measurements. The accuracies [root-mean-square error (rmse)] are higher than 4% for the available experimental data at the incidence angles of 50deg and 60deg. The newly developed inversion technique should be very useful in monitoring global soil moisture properties using the currently available satellite instruments that commonly have incidence angles between 50deg and 55deg

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IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 11 )