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Flux-Closure Magnetic States in Triangular Cobalt Ring Elements

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9 Author(s)
Imre, A. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Notre Dame Univ., IN ; Varga, E. ; Lili Ji ; Ilic, B.
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Ferromagnetic ring elements on the micrometer and submicrometer scale exhibit flux-closure magnetic vortex states in an intermediate step of their magnetization reversal. These clockwise or counterclockwise flux-closure states are of interest for applications that encode binary information in magnetic elements. Here, we study the magnetization reversal process of triangular cobalt rings made by e-beam lithography and lift-off. We demonstrate that full control over the direction of flux-closure magnetic states can be achieved solely by homogeneous external magnetic fields applied in particular directions. We have extracted statistical experimental data pertaining to the range of critical field values that trigger magnetization reversal from magnetic force microscopy images, and we explain the results on the basis of micromagnetic simulations

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Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 11 )