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Single-User Broadcasting Protocols Over a Two-Hop Relay Fading Channel

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2 Author(s)
Steiner, A. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Technion-Israel Inst. of Technol., Haifa ; Shamai, S.

A two-hop relay fading channel is considered, where only decoders possess perfect channel state information (CSI). Various relaying protocols and broadcasting strategies are studied. The main focus of this work is on simple relay transmission scheduling schemes. For decode-and-forward (DF) relaying, the simple relay cannot buffer multiple packets, nor can it reschedule retransmissions. This gives rise to consideration of other relaying techniques, such as amplify-and-forward (AF), where a maximal broadcasting achievable rate is analytically derived. A quantize-and-forward (QF) relay, coupled with a single-level code at the source, uses codebooks matched to the received signal power and performs optimal quantization. This is simplified by a hybrid amplify-QF (AQF) relay, which performs scaling, and single codebook quantization on the input. It is shown that the latter is optimal by means of throughput on the relay-destination link, while maintaining a lower coding complexity than the QF setting. A further extension of the AQF allows the relay to perform successive refinement, coupled with a matched multilevel code. Numerical results show that for high signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs), the broadcast approach over AF relay may achieve higher throughput gains than other relaying protocols that are numerically tractable

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:52 ,  Issue: 11 )