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Influence of the Adjacency Effect on Ground Reflectance Measurements

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4 Author(s)
Richter, R. ; Remote Sensing Data Center, German Aerosp. Center, Wessling ; Bachmann, M. ; Dorigo, W. ; Muller, A.

It is well known that the adjacency effect has to be taken into account during the retrieval of surface reflectance from high spatial resolution satellite imagery. The effect results from atmospheric scattering, depends on the reflectance contrast between a target pixel and its large-scale neighborhood, and decreases with wavelength. Recently, ground reflectance field measurements were published, claiming a substantial influence of the adjacency effect at short distance measurements (< 2 m), and an increase of the effect with wavelength. The authors repeated similar field measurements and found that the adjacency effect usually has a negligible influence at short distances, decreasing with wavelength in agreement with theory, but can have a small influence in high-reflectance contrast environments. Radiative transfer calculations were performed to quantify the influence at short and long distances for cases of practical interest (vegetation and soil in a low-reflectance background). For situations with large reflectance contrasts, the atmospheric backscatter component of the adjacency effect can influence ground measurements over small-area targets, and should therefore be taken into account. However, it is not possible to draw a general conclusion, since some of the considered surfaces are known for exhibiting strong directional effects

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, IEEE  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 4 )