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Separation of Non-Negative Mixture of Non-Negative Sources Using a Bayesian Approach and MCMC Sampling

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4 Author(s)
Moussaoui, S. ; Centre de Recherche en Autom. de Nancy, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy ; Brie, D. ; Mohammad-Djafari, A. ; Carteret, C.

This paper addresses blind-source separation in the case where both the source signals and the mixing coefficients are non-negative. The problem is referred to as non-negative source separation and the main application concerns the analysis of spectrometric data sets. The separation is performed in a Bayesian framework by encoding non-negativity through the assignment of Gamma priors on the distributions of both the source signals and the mixing coefficients. A Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) sampling procedure is proposed to simulate the resulting joint posterior density from which marginal posterior mean estimates of the source signals and mixing coefficients are obtained. Results obtained with synthetic and experimental spectra are used to discuss the problem of non-negative source separation and to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 11 )