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An Innovative CCD-Based High-Resolution CT System for Analysis of Trabecular Bone Tissue

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13 Author(s)
F. Baruffaldi ; Laboratorio di Tecnologia Medica, Istituti Ortopedici, Bologna ; M. Bettuzzi ; D. Bianconi ; R. Brancaccio
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Synchrotron-based digital radiography and microtomography devices are powerful, nondestructive, high-resolution research tools. In this paper, we present a linear system with a pixel size of 22.5 mum and a field-of-view (FOV) 13 cm long and about 1 mm high. The system is composed of a linear converter GOS screen coupled to an intensified electron-bombarded CCD (EBCCD) camera, by means of a rectangular-to-linear fiber optic adapter. This optical guide is composed of seven bundles, each one transporting light in a coherent way to preserve spatial information. In this way, a high spatial resolution over an extended FOV is obtained. The detector works as an X-ray scanner by means of a high-precision translation mechanical device with 18 cm travel range. The total FOV obtained this way is 13 cm long and 18 cm high. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the feasibility of this system to investigate a large area of a bone and to calculate the appropriate histomorphometric parameters. Here we present an investigation gained at ELETTRA synchrotron facility at Trieste, Italy. A monochromatic 34-keV beam has been used for imaging a human proximal femur, about 9 cm in width, with our system. The reconstructed images (13 cmtimes13 cm) were cross sections containing femoral head, femoral neck, and greater trochanter. The local variations in trabecular and cortical structure of the examined bone were clearly visible at a level not obtainable with medical CT scanners. The used spatial resolution allowed the visualization of thin trabeculae, which typically lie in a range of 100 mum or lower. The quality of the reconstructed cross-section images confirmed that the system presented is a novel tool for high resolution three-dimensional (3-D) imaging of bone structure, with a pixel size over a volume of interest not achievable with conventional microCT scanners

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IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 5 )