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Drive Parameter as a Design Consideration for Mather and Filippov Types of Plasma Focus

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10 Author(s)
Zhang, T. ; Natural Sci. & Sci. Educ., Nat. Inst. of Educ., Singapore ; Rawat, R.S. ; Hassan, S.M. ; Lin, J.J.
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Experiments show that the performance of the plasma focus (PF) depends on several macroscopic parameters like the energy of the capacitor bank, current, voltage, electrodes dimension, and curvature of current sheath in the axial phase. Recent work (IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 1101-1105, 1996) shows that overriding the dependence of performance on the individual parameters listed above is the dependence on a combined parameter called the drive or speed parameter S=(Ip/a)/radicrho. This parameter S appears as most fundamental in the process of nondimensionalization of the magnetohydrodynamic equations coupling the highly supersonic motion of the plasma layer with the electromagnetic circuit equation. The drive parameter S is found to directly control the speed of the plasma layer in both axial and radial phases of the PF. A literature survey (IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 1101-1105, 1996) first pointed out that neutron-optimized Mather-type PF devices with a range of energies from a few kilojoules to hundreds of kilojoules all operate with a remarkably constant drive parameter. This constancy of S has been extended more recently (Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, vol. 47, pp. A361-A381, 2005) to PF devices over eight orders of magnitude of storage energies, from a fractional of a joule to megajoules. In this paper, experiments on 2-3-kJ dense PF with modified anodes have been conducted to show that this drive parameter remains fairly constant for the different ratios of the anode length to anode radius. It is also suggested that there may be significant differences in the values of drive parameters for Filippov-type focus devices, Mather-type focus devices, and also hybrid-type devices

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:34 ,  Issue: 5 )