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Medical Image Segmentation Using Minimal Path Deformable Models With Implicit Shape Priors

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2 Author(s)
P. Yan ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Nat. Univ. of Singapore ; A. A. Kassim

This paper presents a new method for segmentation of medical images by extracting organ contours, using minimal path deformable models incorporated with statistical shape priors. In our approach, boundaries of structures are considered as minimal paths, i.e., paths associated with the minimal energy, on weighted graphs. Starting from the theory of minimal path deformable models, an intelligent "worm" algorithm is proposed for segmentation, which is used to evaluate the paths and finally find the minimal path. Prior shape knowledge is incorporated into the segmentation process to achieve more robust segmentation. The shape priors are implicitly represented and the estimated shapes of the structures can be conveniently obtained. The worm evolves under the joint influence of the image features, its internal energy, and the shape priors. The contour of the structure is then extracted as the worm trail. The proposed segmentation framework overcomes the shortcomings of existing deformable models and has been successfully applied to segmenting various medical images

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 4 )