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On the Development of an Integrated CMOS-Based UWB Tunable-Pulse Transmit Module

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2 Author(s)
Meng Miao ; Electr. & Comput. Eng. Dept., Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX ; Cam Nguyen

A novel low-cost low-power fully integrated tunable transmit module composed of a tunable CMOS monocycle pulse generator and compact uniplanar antenna was designed, built, and tested for ultra-wideband (UWB) impulse systems. The CMOS tunable pulse generator integrates a tuning delay circuit, square-wave generator, impulse-forming circuit, and pulse-shaping circuit in a single chip using a standard low-cost 0.25-mum CMOS process. It can generate a monocycle pulse and Gaussian-type impulse (without the pulse-shaping circuitry) signals with tunable pulse duration. A compact uniplanar UWB antenna was also developed and integrated directly with the CMOS pulse generator chip to form the complete integrated tunable UWB transmit module. Measured results show that the CMOS tunable pulse generator can produce a 0.3-0.6-V peak-to-peak monocycle pulse with 140-350-ps tunable pulse duration and a 0.5-1.3-V peak-to-peak impulse signal with 100-300-ps tunable pulse-duration, and the uniplanar antenna has less than a 18-dB return loss and is suitable for transmitting/receiving UWB time-domain impulse signals covering the entire UWB bandwidth of 3.1-10.6 GHz. Good agreement between measured and calculated performance is also achieved. The UWB transmit module was experimentally characterized and its performance is verified. This UWB module finds applications in various time-domain UWB systems including wireless communications and radar

Published in:

Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 10 )