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A Novel Technique to Compensate Voltage Sags in Multiline Distribution System—The Interline Dynamic Voltage Restorer

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3 Author(s)
Vilathgamuwa, D.M. ; Sch. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Nanyang Technol. Univ., Singapore ; Wijekoon, H.M. ; Choi, S.S.

The dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) provides a technically advanced and economical solution to voltage-sag problem. As the voltage-restoration process involves real-power injection into the distribution system, the capability of a particular DVR topology, especially for compensating long-duration voltage sags, depends on the energy storage capacity of the DVR. The interline DVR (IDVR) proposed in this paper provides a way to replenish dc-link energy storage dynamically. The IDVR consists of several DVRs connected to different distribution feeders in the power system. The DVRs in the IDVR system share a common energy storage. When one of the DVR compensates for voltage sag appearing in that feeder, the other DVRs replenish the energy in the common dc-link dynamically. Thus, one DVR in the IDVR system works in voltage-sag compensation mode while the other DVRs in the IDVR system operate in power-flow control mode. In principle, IDVR can operate effectively when constituent DVRs are electrically (not necessarily physically) far apart. Closed-loop load voltage and current-mode-control techniques are used as the control strategy in the two modes of operation. Experimental results obtained for a laboratory prototype of the IDVR are presented to show the effectiveness and the efficacy of the proposed IDVR system to improve power quality

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Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 5 )