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Partially Supervised Oil-Slick Detection by SAR Imagery Using Kernel Expansion

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2 Author(s)

Spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) is well adapted to detect ocean pollution independently from daily or weather conditions. In fact, oil slicks have a specific impact on ocean wave spectra. Initial wave spectra may be characterized by three kinds of waves, namely big, medium, and small, which correspond physically to gravity and gravity-capillary waves. The increase of viscosity, due to the presence of oil damps gravity-capillary waves. This induces not only a damping of the backscattering to the sensor but also a damping of the energy of the wave spectra. Thus, local segmentation of wave spectra may be achieved by the segmentation of a multiscale decomposition of the original SAR image. In this paper, a semisupervised oil-slick detection is proposed by using a kernel-based abnormal detection into the wavelet decomposition of a SAR image. It performs accurate detection with no consideration to signal stationarity nor to the presence of strong backscatters (such as a ship). The algorithm has been applied on ENVISAT Advanced SAR images. It yields accurate segmentation results even for small slicks, with a very limited number of false alarms

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 10 )