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Imaging Through Unknown Walls Using Different Standoff Distances

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2 Author(s)
Genyuan Wang ; Radar Imaging Lab., Villanova Univ., PA ; Amin, M.G.

In through-the-wall imaging, errors in wall parameters cause targets to be imaged away from their true positions. The displacement in target locations depend on the accuracy of the estimates of the wall parameters as well as the target position relative to the antenna array. A technique using two or more standoff distances of the imaging system from the wall is proposed for application under wall parameter ambiguities. Two different imaging schemes can then be applied to correct for errors in wall characteristics. The first scheme relies on forming target displacement trajectories, each corresponding to a different standoff distance, and assuming different values of wall thickness and dielectric constant. The target position is then determined as the trajectories crossover point. In the second scheme, an image sequence is generated. Each specific image in this sequence is obtained by summing those corresponding to different standoff distances, but with the same assumed wall parameters. An imaging-focusing metric can then be adopted to determine the target position. The paper analyzes the above two schemes and provides extensive simulation examples demonstrating their effectiveness

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 10 )