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Source Localization and Tracking Using Distributed Asynchronous Sensors

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3 Author(s)
Teng Li ; Marvell Semicond., Inc, Santa Clara, CA ; Ekpenyong, A. ; Yih-Fang Huang

This paper presents a source localization algorithm based on the source signal's time-of-arrival (TOA) at sensors that are not synchronized with one another or the source. The proposed algorithm estimates source positions using a window of TOA measurements which, in effect, creates a virtual sensor array. Based on a Gaussian noise model, maximum likelihood estimates (MLE) for the source position and displacement are obtained. Performance issues are addressed by evaluating the Cramer-Rao lower bound and considering the virtual sensor array's geometric properties. To track the source trajectory from the TOA measurement, which is a nonlinear function of source position and displacement, this localization algorithm is combined with the extended Kalman filter (EKF) and the unscented Kalman filter, resulting in good tracking performance

Published in:

Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 10 )

Date of Publication:

Oct. 2006

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