By Topic

Overview and Design of Mixed-Voltage I/O Buffers With Low-Voltage Thin-Oxide CMOS Transistors

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Ming-Dou Ker ; Inst. of Electron., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu ; Shih-Lun Chen ; Chia-Sheng Tsai

Overview on the prior designs of the mixed-voltage I/O buffers is provided in this work. A new 2.5/5-V mixed-voltage I/O buffer realized with only thin gate-oxide devices is proposed. The new proposed mixed-voltage I/O buffer with simpler dynamic n-well bias circuit and gate-tracking circuit can prevent the undesired leakage current paths and the gate-oxide reliability problem, which occur in the conventional CMOS I/O buffer. The new mixed-voltage I/O buffer has been fabricated and verified in a 0.25-mum CMOS process to serve 2.5/5-V I/O interface. Besides, another 2.5/5-V mixed-voltage I/O buffer without the subthreshold leakage problem for high-speed applications is also presented in this work. The speed, power consumption, area, and noise among these mixed-voltage I/O buffers are also compared and discussed. The new proposed mixed-voltage I/O buffers can be easily scaled toward 0.18- mum (or below) CMOS processes to serve other mixed-voltage I/O interfaces, such as 1.8/3.3-V interface

Published in:

Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 9 )