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Estimation of Two-Dimensional Affine Transformations Through Polar Curve Matching and Its Application to Image Mosaicking and Remote-Sensing Data Registration

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3 Author(s)
Lucchese, Luca ; Sch. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Oregon State Univ. ; Leorin, S. ; Cortelazzo, G.M.

This paper presents a new and effective method for estimating two-dimensional affine transformations and its application to image registration. The method is based on matching polar curves obtained from the radial projections of the image energies, defined as the squared magnitudes of their Fourier transforms. Such matching is formulated as a simple minimization problem whose optimal solution is found with the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. The analysis of affine transformations in the frequency domain exploits the well-known property whereby the translational displacement in this domain can be factored out and separately estimated through phase correlation after the four remaining degrees of freedom of the affine warping have been determined. Another important contribution of this paper, emphasized through one example of image mosaicking and one example of remote sensing image registration, consists in showing that affine motion can be accurately estimated by applying our algorithm to the shapes of macrofeatures extracted from the images to register. The excellent performance of the algorithm is also shown through a synthetic example of motion estimation and its comparison with another standard registration technique

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Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 10 )