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A Study of Hydrogen Sensing Performance of Pt–GaN Schottky Diodes

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7 Author(s)

The performance of hydrogen-gas detectors based on Pt-GaN Schottky diodes with 24-nm-thick Pt contact was investigated. Current-voltage (I-V) Characteristics were measured in two ambients (e.g., synthetic air (20% O2 in N2) and 1-vol.% H2 in synthetic air) at different temperatures. The forward current of the diodes is found to increase significantly upon introduction of H2 into the synthetic air ambient. Analysis of the I-V characteristics as a function of temperature demonstrated that the observed current increase is due to a decrease in the effective barrier height (BH) through a decrease in the Pt work function upon absorption of hydrogen. The decrease in the BH was measured as high as 30 and 152 meV at 25 degC and at 280 degC, respectively, upon introduction of H 2 into the ambient. The changes in the BH were completely reversible upon restoration of the synthetic air ambient. The sensitivity to the hydrogen gas was investigated in dependence on the operating temperature for 1-vol.% hydrogen in synthetic air. The changes in the forward bias at a constant current density of 3.2 A/cm2 was 90 and 330 mV at 25 degC and at 310 degC, respectively, upon introduction of 1-vol.% H2 into the ambient. Additionally, a significant increase in the sensitivity and a decrease in the response and recovery times have been observed after increasing the operating temperature up to ~310degC

Published in:

Sensors Journal, IEEE  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 5 )

Date of Publication:

Oct. 2006

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