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The Noisy Substring Matching Problem

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2 Author(s)
R. L. Kashyap ; School of Electrical Engineering, Purdue University ; B. J. Oommen

Let T(U) be the set of words in the dictionary H which contains U as a substring. The problem considered here is the estimation of the set T(U) when U is not known, but Y, a noisy version of U is available. The suggested set estimate S*(Y) of T(U) is a proper subset of H such that its every element contains at least one substring which resembles Y most according to the Levenshtein metric. The proposed algorithm for-the computation of S*(Y) requires cubic time. The algorithm uses the recursively computable dissimilarity measure Dk(X, Y), termed as the kth distance between two strings X and Y which is a dissimilarity measure between Y and a certain subset of the set of contiguous substrings of X. Another estimate of T(U), namely SM(Y) is also suggested. The accuracy of SM(Y) is only slightly less than that of S*(Y), but the computation time of SM(Y) is substantially less than that of S*(Y). Experimental results involving 1900 noisy substrings and dictionaries which are subsets of 1023 most common English words [11] indicate that the accuracy of the estimate S*(Y) is around 99 percent and that of SM(Y) is about 98 percent.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering  (Volume:SE-9 ,  Issue: 3 )