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The multidimensional binary search tree (abbreviated k-d tree) is a data structure for storing multikey records. This structure has been used to solve a number of "geometric" problems in statistics and data analysis. The purposes of this paper are to cast k-d trees in a database framework, to collect the results on k-d trees that have appeared since the structure was introduced, and to show how the basic data structure can be modified to facilitate implementation in large (and very large) databases.
Date of Publication: July 1979