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Lock Conversion in Non-Two-Phase Locking Protocols

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4 Author(s)

A locking protocol is a set of rules governing the manner in which the database entities may be accessed. Such a protocol usually employs several kinds of locks. Most of the previous work in this area has assumed that once a transaction acquires a particular kind of lock on a data item it is not allowed to convert this lock to another kind. In this paper we perform a systematic study of the consequences of allowing lock conversions in non-two-phase locking protocols, and show how this leads to increased concurrency and affects deadlock-freedom. The non-two-phase protocols that we study are the very general guard protocols defined for databases in which a directed acyclic graph structure can be superimposed on the data items. We present very natural generalizations of these protocols, including correctness proofs, and develop deadlock removal methods.

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Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:SE-11 ,  Issue: 1 )