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Metallized Paper for Capacitors

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1 Author(s)
D. A. McLean ; Bell Telephone Laboratonries, Inc., Murray Hill, N.J.

Metallized capacitor paper is attracting widespread interest as a way of reducing capacitor size. In metallized paper capacitors, the usual metal foil is replaced by a thin layer of metal evaporated onto the surface of the paper. Lacquering the paper prior to metallizing increases the dielectric strength and insulation resistance, reduces atmospheric corrosion of the metal, and diminishes the rate of loss of electrode metal by electrolysis. Owing to the extreme thinness of the metal layer, metallized paper capacitors are subject to a type of failure not ordinarily found in conventional capacitors. This type of failure consists of the loss of electrode by electrolysis and occurs under dc potential when the ionic conductivity is high, as results, for example, from the presence of moisture. For this reason, it is recommended that special precautions be taken to keep the ionic conductivity low, in particular with respect to thorough and effective drying and sealing of the capacitor units.

Published in:

Proceedings of the IRE  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 9 )