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A Note on Noise and Conversion-Gain Measurements

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1 Author(s)
Breazeale, W.M. ; Department of Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia

The development of microwave receivers with a low-gain converter as the first stage has made it desirable that the noise level and the conversion gain be determined independently of the following intermediate-frequency amplifier. Often this converter is a crystal with a conversion gain less than one. This paper discusses some of the general procedures that have been used to measure microwave-converter noise levels and conversion gains.

Published in:

Proceedings of the IRE  (Volume:35 ,  Issue: 1 )