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The image orthicon is a television pickup tube incorporating the principles of low-velocity-electron-beam scanning, electron image multiplication, and signal multiplication. It closely approaches the theoretical limit of pickup tube sensitivity and is actually 100 to 1000 times as sensitive as the iconoscope (1850) or orthicon (1840). It can transmit pictures with a limiting resolution of over 500 lines and, if properly processed, is relatively free from spurious signals. At low lights, the signal output increases linearly with light input; at high lights, the signal output is substantially independent of light input. The tube is completely stable at all light levels. The signal output is sufficiently high to make the operation of the tube insensitive to many of the preamplifier characteristics that are normally considered significant. The construction, operation, electron optics, and performance of the tube are discussed.