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Radio Direction Finding at 1.67-Meter Wavelengths

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1 Author(s)
Yuan, L.C.-L. ; Formerly, Norman Bridge Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California; now, RCA Laboratories, Princeton, N.J.

Different antenna systems such as the Adcock, V-type, double-V-type, parabolic, and the H-type were tested for measuring both the vertical and the azimuthal angles of an incident wave at the wavelength of 1.67 meters. A null method using the Adcock antenna for defining the azimuthal angle and the H antenna for determining the vertical angle was found to be most satisfactory for high angles of incidence. As the frequency used is too high for sky-reflected waves, erroneous directions attributed to the effect of sky waves at longer wavelengths are eliminated. With the antenna system one and one-half wavelengths above ground and with the ground surface dry and homogeneous and no reflecting objects in the immediate vicinity, the direction of the incident wave thus determined agrees within ½ degree with the optical direction in the azimuthal angle and within ±½ degree in the vertical angle. But when the ground is wet, the error in the vertical angle may reach as high as 3¾ degrees. A mathematical analysis of the reception by these two types of antenna systems, taking into consideration the ground-reflected waves, is given. The theoretical response agrees well with the experimental one.

Published in:

Proceedings of the IRE  (Volume:34 ,  Issue: 10 )