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A Unified Architecture for H.264 Multiple Block-Size DCT with Fast and Low Cost Quantization

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2 Author(s)
Bruguera, J.D. ; Dept. of Electron. & Comput. Eng., Santiago de Compostela Univ. ; Osorio, R.R.

AVC/H.264 is the new international standard for video coding jointly developed by ISO-MPEG and ITU-T, which offers a substantial compression gain when compared with H.263 and MPEG-4 simple profile. One of the main characteristics of H.264 is the introduction of a integer version of the discrete cosine transform initially applied to 4times4 pixels blocks, and later extended to 8times8 pixels for high quality video encoding. In this work, a unified architecture is proposed for parallel 8times8 integer DCT and iDCT, also able to process 4times4 DCT, iDCT and Hadamard transform. A very fast quantization/de-quantization scheme is presented based on prediction that allows parallel quantization with a single multiplier. This architecture also implements all-zero detection, eliminating coefficients with high cost as specified in the standard and anticipates entropy encoding. The proposed design has been synthesized in AMS 0.35mu technology and achieves a maximum speed of 67 MHz

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Digital System Design: Architectures, Methods and Tools, 2006. DSD 2006. 9th EUROMICRO Conference on

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