Scheduled System Maintenance:
On Monday, April 27th, IEEE Xplore will undergo scheduled maintenance from 1:00 PM - 3:00 PM ET (17:00 - 19:00 UTC). No interruption in service is anticipated.
By Topic

Rapid and low-cost context-switch through embedded processor customization for real-time and control applications

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Xiangrong Zhou ; Maryland Univ., College Park, MD ; Petrov, P.

In this paper, we present a methodology for low-cost and rapid context switch for multithreaded embedded processors with realtime guarantees. Context-switch, which involves saving and restoring the thread state, has constituted not only a large performance overhead for many multithreaded embedded systems, but also an obstacle creating a significant delay in the response time for many time-critical control applications. The proposed technique exploits application information extracted during compile time to make sure that only a minimal amount of thread state is saved and subsequently restored on preemption. The register liveness within the application inner loops is analyzed and a few points, referred to as switch points, are identified where the program has minimal number of live registers. At run-time the preemption point is deferred to a switch point and the real-time operating system (RTOS) kernel invokes a switch point specific code generated by the compiler to save and restore the thread state in a custom fashion. Through the utilization of these novel mechanisms, a drastic improvement on both performance and response time is achieved. The presented experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed technique on a number of widely-used computational kernels and embedded applications

Published in:

Design Automation Conference, 2006 43rd ACM/IEEE

Date of Conference:

0-0 0