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Adaptive downlink multi-user MIMO wireless systems for correlated channels with imperfect CSI

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2 Author(s)
Cheng Wang ; Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Hong Kong Univ. of Sci. & Technol. ; Murch, R.D.

Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless antenna systems provide increases in capacity without the need for additional spectrum or power. However the capacity increase is limited when the number of antennas at the receiver is fixed or restricted (due to mobile size constraints for example). To overcome this limitation multi-user MIMO can be used, which allows several users to be served simultaneously in frequency and time. A disadvantage of these multi-user MIMO systems, when used in the downlink however, is that they need accurate channel state information (CSI) at the transmitter and also uncorrelated channels among users. In this paper we investigate methods to address the problems of multi-user MIMO systems in spatially correlated channels. We adopt the concept of angle between subspaces to characterize the inter-user spatial correlation and adapt the algorithm to those conditions. We also investigate the impact of the accuracy of CSI at the transmitter (CSIT) and whether more limited CSI such as channel correlation information alone can be used to provide good multi-user MIMO performance. Results are presented as various simulated capacity measures and we use them to make comparisons between the various multi-user MIMO configurations

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Wireless Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 9 )