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Deviations of Short Radio Waves from the London-New York Great-Circle Path

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1 Author(s)
Feldman, C.B. ; Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc., New York, N.Y.

During the past year experiments have been made to determine the frequency of occurrence and extent of deviations of short radio waves from the North Atlantic great-circle path. For this purpose the multiple-unit steerable antenna (Musa), described to the Institute at its 1937 convention, has been used to steer a receiving lobe horizontally. This is accomplished by arraying the unit antennas broadside to the general direction from which the waves are expected to arrive. The Musa combining equipment then provides a reception lobe in the horizontal plane, steerable over a limited range of azimuth. Two such Musas have been used, one of which possesses a wide steering range but is blunt, while the other is sharp but is restricted in range. Transmissions from England have been studied with this equipment at the Holmdel, N.J., radio laboratory of the Bell Telephone Laboratories. Comparisons of results obtained on transmission from antennas directed toward New York with those from antennas otherwise directed have, to a limited degree, given results representative of the effects of horizontally steerable transmitting directivity. Observations made on these British transmissions during the past eight months have disclosed the following characteristics: 1. During "all-daylight" path conditions, the usual multiplicity of waves distributed in or near the great-circle plane, which constitutes normal propagation, has been predominant. Usually neither ionosphere storms nor the catastrophic disturbances associated with short-period fade-outs seem to affect the mode of propagation. 2.

Published in:

Proceedings of the IRE  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 10 )

Date of Publication:

Oct. 1939

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