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A Review of Radio Communication in the Mobile Services

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1 Author(s)
Anderson, C.N. ; Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc., New York City

Developments in radio communication in the mobile services during 1935 have been largely in the nature of gradual improvement of existing equipments and services. In the marine field, the safety-of-life aspect is assuming increased importance. Rearrangements have been made of the frequencies and the schedules of radio beacons to avoid interference thereby making the system more effective. The improvement of radio compasses, regulations regarding motor lifeboat equipment and public address alarm systems, requirements for radio auto alarms and experimentation with collision prevention equipment are other items on which progress has been made the past year. The development in marine radiotelegraphy has been chiefly along the lines of greater application of the high frequencies. Directional antennas at the shore receiving stations have mitigated the effects of interference. Facsimile transmission of weather maps and press is being tried out. Improvements have been made in radiotelephone equipments of various powers and frequency ranges for various types of marine service. A system utilizing ultra-high frequencies was put into operation at Philadelphia during the year. Three commercial stations are in operation in the two-megacycle range, the one at Seattle having been opened this year. Radio is an important factor in the operation of modern air lines. Special mention should be made of the important rôle played by radio in the newly established transpacific service by the Pan American Airways. Improvements have been made during the year in airway beacons and radio compasses; airport traffic control and blind landing systems are being tried out.

Published in:

Radio Engineers, Proceedings of the Institute of  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 3 )