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A Wide Tuning-Range CMOS VCO With a Differential Tunable Active Inductor

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3 Author(s)
Liang-Hung Lu ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Taiwan Univ., Taipei ; Hsieh-Hung Hsieh ; Yu-Te Liao

By utilizing a differential tunable active inductor for the LC-tank, a wide tuning-range CMOS voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) is presented. In the proposed circuit topology, the coarse frequency tuning is achieved by the tunable active inductor, while the fine tuning is controlled by the varactor. Using a 0.18-mum CMOS process, a prototype VCO is implemented for demonstration. The fabricated circuit provides an output frequency from 500 MHz to 3.0 GHz, resulting in a tuning range of 143% at radio frequencies. The measured phase noise is from -101 to -118 dBc/Hz at a 1-MHz offset within the entire frequency range. Due to the absence of the spiral inductors, the fully integrated VCO occupies an active area of 150times300 mum2

Published in:

Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 9 )

Date of Publication:

Sept. 2006

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