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Ocean acoustic tomography: estimating the acoustic travel time with phase

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4 Author(s)
Spiesberger, J.L. ; Woods Hole Oceanogr. Instn., MA, USA ; Bushong, P.J. ; Metzger, K., Jr. ; Birdsall, T.G.

Continuous acoustic transmission (133 Hz, 60-ms resolution) between a bottom-mounted source near Oahu, Hawaii, and a bottom-mounted receiver at 4000-km range near the coast of northern California was recorded to learn how to measure precisely the travel time so that basin-scale fluctuations in the Pacific can be detected. Daily incoherent averages of some of the multipaths exhibited stability during this period. The standard deviation of the travel time of the resolved peaks in the daily incoherent averages is about 30 ms. An acoustic method, based on cross-correlation, is derived to estimate the change in the average acoustic phase (travel time) to a precision of about 0.018 cycles (135 mu s) every 2 min. Travel-time estimates based on the cross-correlator reduce the aberrations due to internal waves by about 19 dB in comparison with CW transmissions. The new travel-time estimator is applied to the measurements to examine some of the fluctuations of the Pacific.<>

Published in:

Oceanic Engineering, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 1 )