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Robust extended multidelay filter and double-talk detector for acoustic echo cancellation

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4 Author(s)
Buchner, H. ; Univ. of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen ; Benesty, J. ; Gansler, Tomas ; Kellermann, W.

We propose an integrated acoustic echo cancellation solution based on a novel class of efficient and robust adaptive algorithms in the frequency domain, the extended multidelay filter (EMDF). The approach is tailored to very long adaptive filters and highly auto-correlated input signals as they arise in wideband full-duplex audio applications. The EMDF algorithm allows an attractive tradeoff between the well-known multidelay filter and the recursive least-squares algorithm. It exhibits fast convergence, superior tracking capabilities of the signal statistics, and very low delay. The low computational complexity of the conventional frequency-domain adaptive algorithms can be maintained thanks to efficient fast realizations. We also show how this approach can be combined efficiently with a suitable double-talk detector (DTD). We consider a corresponding extension of a recently proposed DTD based on a normalized cross-correlation vector whose performance was shown to be superior compared to other DTDs based on the cross-correlation coefficient. Since the resulting DTD also has an EMDF structure it is easy to implement, and the fast realization also carries over to the DTD scheme. Moreover, as the robustness issue during double talk is particularly crucial for fast-converging algorithms, we apply the concept of robust statistics into our extended frequency-domain approach. Due to the robust generalization of the cost function leading to a so-called M-estimator, the algorithms become inherently less sensitive to outliers, i.e., short bursts that may be caused by inevitable detection failures of a DTD. The proposed structure is also well suited for an efficient generalization to the multichannel case

Published in:

Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 5 )