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ML-based symbol timing and frequency offset estimation for OFDM systems with noncircular transmissions

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2 Author(s)
Fusco, T. ; Dipt. di Ingegneria Elettronica, Univ. Federico II, Napoli ; Tanda, M.

This paper deals with the problem of joint symbol timing and carrier-frequency offset (CFO) estimation in orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) systems with noncircular (NC) transmissions. Maximum-likelihood (ML) estimators of symbol timing and CFO have been derived under the assumption of nondispersive channel and by modeling the OFDM signal vector as a circular complex Gaussian random vector (C-CGRV). The Gaussian assumption is reasonable when the number of subcarriers is sufficiently large. However, if the data symbols belong to an NC constellation, the received signal vector becomes an NC-CGRV, i.e., a CGRV whose relation matrix (defined as the statistical expectation of the product between the vector and its transpose) is not identically zero. Hence, in this case, previously mentioned estimators, termed MLC estimators, are not ML estimators. In this paper, by exploiting the joint probability density function for NC-CGRVs, ML estimators are derived. Moreover, since their implementation complexity is high, feasible computational algorithms are considered. Finally, refined symbol timing estimators, apt to counteract the degrading effects of intersymbol interference (ISI) in dispersive channels, are suggested. The performance of the derived estimators is assessed via computer simulation and compared with that of MLC estimators and that of modified MLC (MMLC) estimators exploiting only ISI-free samples of the cyclic prefix

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 9 )