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Two-Dimensional Variation Algorithm for Fractal Analysis of Sea SAR Images

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4 Author(s)
F. Berizzi ; Dipt. di Ingegneria dell'Informazione, Pisa Univ. ; G. Bertini ; M. Martorella ; M. Bertacca

This paper proposes a novel algorithm for estimating the fractal dimension of sea synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images. The algorithm is based on the variation method, and it is suitably designed for the analysis of sea SAR images. The SAR image fractal dimension is a feature that provides a measure of the image roughness. Such a feature can play an important role in the classification process for recognizing the presence of anomalies on the sea surface. The innovation aspects of this paper are listed as follows: (1) an extension of the variation method, which was proposed for the fractal analysis of one-dimensional signals, to the case of two-dimensional (2-D) functions; (2) a numerical formulation of the variation method, which is suitable for processing 2-D discrete signals; and (3) an optimization of the algorithm for sea SAR image analysis. The algorithm is tested and validated both on simulated and real ERS-1/2 Precision Image sea SAR images and compared with the classical estimation algorithm based on spectral analysis

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 9 )