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Dual protection of JPEG images based on informed embedding and two-stage watermark extraction techniques

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3 Author(s)
Wen-Nung Lie ; Inst. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Chung Cheng Univ., Chia-Yi ; Lin, T.C.-I. ; Sheng-Lung Cheng

In this paper, the authors propose a watermarking scheme that embeds both image-dependent and fixed-part marks for dual protection (content authentication and copyright claim) of JPEG images. To achieve the goals of efficiency, imperceptibility, and robustness, a compressed-domain informed embedding algorithm, which incorporates the Lagrangian multiplier optimization approach and an adjustment procedure, is developed. A two-stage watermark extraction procedure is devised to achieve the functionality of dual protection. In the first stage, the semifragile watermark in each local channel is extracted for content authentication. Then, in the second stage, a weighted soft-decision decoder, which weights the signal detected in each channel according to the estimated channel condition, is used to improve the recovery rate of the fixed-part watermark for copyright protection. The experiment results manifest that the proposed scheme not only achieve dual protection of the image content, but also maintain higher visual quality (an average of 6.69 dB better than a comparable approach) for a specified level of watermark robustness. In addition, the overall computing load is low enough to be practical in real-time applications

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Information Forensics and Security, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 3 )