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Pervasive grid for large-scale power systems contingency analysis

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4 Author(s)
Morante, Q. ; Dept. of Eng., Univ. of Sannio, Benevento ; Ranaldo, N. ; Vaccaro, A. ; Zimeo, Eugenio

Optimal control and management of power systems require extensive analyses of phenomena that can compromise their operation in order to evaluate their impact on the security and reliability levels of the electrical networks. For complex networks, this process, known as power systems contingencies analysis, requires large computational efforts, whereas computation times should be less than a few minutes for the information to be useful. Even though many architectures based on conventional parallel and distributed systems have been widely proposed in the literature, they are characterized by low extensibility, reusability, and scalability, and so, they require a sensible hardware upgrade when more computational resources are necessary. This event is not infrequent in power systems where the constant growth of the electrical network complexity and the need for larger security and reliability levels of the plant infrastructures lead to the need of more detailed contingency analysis in shorter times. To address this problem, this paper proposes a pervasive grid approach to define a user-friendly software infrastructure for data acquisition from electrical networks and for data processing in order to simulate possible contingencies in a real electrical network. The grid infrastructure adopts a brokering service, based on an economy-driven model, to satisfy the quality of service constraints specified by the user (i.e., a time deadline to simulate the contingencies). This paper also discusses the deployment of the infrastructure on a network of heterogeneous clusters and PCs to compute the contingency analysis of a realistic electrical network. The experimental results obtained demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed solution and the potential role of grid computing in supporting intensive computations in power systems

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Industrial Informatics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:2 ,  Issue: 3 )